The nature of our roads and bad conditions of vehicles are contributing factors that bring about road accidents. Feb 19, 2011 thesis statements and transition paragraphs the causes of traffic accidents seem to be careless driving 1, poor road surfaces 2 and unfavourable weather conditions 3 and the effects of them are unexpected collisions 1, road traffic accidents including deaths 2 and physical and financial losses 3. This has become a very big problem for the nation as her citizens continue to perish. Causes and effects of traffic accidents it still runs. Use of mobile phones while driving effects on road safety. Mnzava a dissertation submitted to the department of health system management in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of master of health systems management mhsm of mzumbe university 20. Severe accidents can occur when blacktop or asphalt are missing in large chunks from the road. Of course, there is the obvious damage to property, which may include your vehicle, another vehicle, physical property, a bicyclist, p. Risk factors human, vehicle and environment factors are.
The sultanate of oman has one of the highest road traffic accident rta related. Nov 15, 2016 social and economic effects of road accidents in kenya. What are the causes and effects of a road accident. Human factors as causes for road traffic accidents in the sultanate of oman under consideration of road construction designs inauguraldissertation zur erlangung des doktorgrades dr. The trend in rta injuries and death is becoming alarming in countries like india. A study was done on a road in the western cape of south africa, the r44, to investigate the causes of road accidents. Global positioning and socioeconomic impact of road. Jun 12, 2015 this has become a very big problem for the nation as her citizens continue to perish. Factors associated with road traffic accidents among. Car crashes can be brought about by various components, including hardware glitch just as the activities of the driver, for example, speeding or forceful practices like closely following or dangerous path changes.
These can be about the faults of drivers that is, violation of the rules, they can be about road factors and also as a result of lack of knowledge. Road problem this includes an accident scene, oil, water, pothole or rock in the road, poor road markings or road signs and road works obstructing a road. The information that was collected in this study was about road traffic accidents that occurred in 2016. Road accidents have great effect on any countrys economy especially, a developing country, like ghana. The economic and social cost of road accidents ansr. Health and social consequences of road traffic accidents. Review article road safety and accident prevention. Who has decided to tackle the root causes of road accidents, a global scourge. Jun 15, 20 road accidents and its causes and effects thangpu haokip bus accident at keirao on 10 march 2008 pix jinendra maibam. Road traffic accidents rtas have emerged as an important public health issue which needs to be tackled by a multidisciplinary approach. Road accidents are very common all over the world and annual global road crash statistics association for safe international road travel, 20 states that, nearly 1. Driving while tired can result in drivers not paying attention to vehicle speed, allowing the vehicle to drift over road lines, daydreaming or dozing while driving.
In so doing, the study was interested to examine the effects of road safety measures in reducing road traffic accidents. Therefore, i am going to mention about these causes that result in traffic accidents. Causes and preventions against road accidents yadi nigeria. May 17, 2018 many people have answered the causes of accidents. The current estimate for the impact of road user distraction on accidents in the eu is that it is. An analysis of the incidence and causes of road traffic. They are common fare in our daily news as these accidents happen almost everyday. Animal in road an animal crossing the road and causing an accident. However, despite the recognised and increasing importance of driver distraction for road safety, the scope of the driver distraction problem is not yet really known.
Road transport in lndia is very popular for various reasons, but the condition of lndian roads is very poor and deplorable. General statement there are several causes that influence people to get involve in road accident. An assessment of philippine media coverage on road. It assumes that accident as any disaster adversely. The increase in per capita income and lowpriced in gasoline have resulted in vehicles easily acquired by individuals in tripoli, libya. They involve high human suffering and monetary costs in terms of untimely deaths, injuries and loss of potential income. Most people continue to negligent and ignore the danger involved in their driving and so, these accidents happen. Road accident is a global tragedy with the everrising trend. Apr 26, 2011 of course, there are many causes that result with the accidents. The paper presents some statistics of road traffic injuries in a novel way which suggests that low luminance plays a major role in this effect. There is an endless list of problems on the road, which include road rage, not following the signs and regulation etc.
This paper examines global positioning and socioeconomic impact of road traffic accidents in nigeria. Effects of bad road conditions on traffic accidents. Netherlands, road safety strategic plan 20082020 european. The most dangerous and serious problem americans deal with is accidents on the road. It assumes that accident as any disaster adversely affects people, property and environment. Get a printable copy pdf file of the complete article 525k, or click on a page image below to browse page by page. A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of masters of public health by mervis patience muvuringi zimbabwe declaration. Exploring the major causes of road traffic accidents in. Few have really addressed the effects of a road accident. Also, driving while intoxicated can cause fatal road accidents.
The impact of road traffic accidents with child victims abertis. And those causes can only be known from accident modelling. If you have to use a cell phone, pull safely over to the side of the road. One of the worst habits anyone can get into is talking on a cell phone while driving. Road accidents cannot be stopped despite providing the best possible roads and intersections, however there are ways to reduce the impact of road accidents on road users and the vehicles plying on. Road traffic accidents are a serious problem worldwide. Social and economic effects of road accidents in kenya. Road accidents and its causes and effects thangpu haokip bus accident at keirao on 10 march 2008 pix jinendra maibam. Causes and effects of road traffic accidents in saudi arabia.
The impact of road traffic injury the george institute for. Road accidents in namibia national road safety council. Potholes and uneven pavements, which are constructed along the road, are the real cause of these accidents altogether. Unknown the cause could not be deduced from the accident report. It is striking that the insurance companies in the developed countries pay profitable compensations for the effects of psychological wounds resulting from car accidents butler et al. At the local level research in this area are concentrated on the.
In saudi arabia the motor vehicle is the main means of transportation. Human factors as causes for road traffic accidents in the. Statistics show that about 30% of accidents on the roads are caused because of speeding. Keep a cell phone with you in the car for emergency situations only. Traffic accidents impart both economic and social costs upon communities around the world, hence the desire for accident rates to be. The paint industry has a large stake in accidents repainting of damaged areas, the parts industry even the used parts industry is booming due to accidents and scrap metal is another that gains from accidents from the writeoffs. If you are thinking of getting your own car, look for one with high safety. Furthermore, these road traffic deaths accounted for 23% of all injury deaths worldwide. Hook road accidents has been categorized as global tragedy that ever shows raising trend from day to day. The identification of factors affecting road crashes obtained from the crash investigation and reconstruction has not been conducted in practice in the asian countries.
The impact of road traffic injury the impact of road traffic injury unless immediate action is taken, road traffic accidents will increase from the ninth to the fifth leading cause of death by 2030, and will then be responsible for around 2. Traffic accidents do not have the same impact as a plane crash, but the statistics still represent major human suffering. The increases in vehicles ownership and traffic congestion have caused traffic accidents, fatalities and injuries. The goal of this study was to initiate this road safety practice in thailand by addressing the timely need for an indepth study for road accidents. Review article road safety and accident prevention in india. There are several types of bad driving situations which exist throughout the state of tennessee, including. Study on good practices for reducing road safety risks caused by. Where other peoples work has been used either from a printed source. Identification of factors that cause severity of road. Pilot study of the longterm effects of road crashes. The causes of the accidents on this 25km stretch of road were deduced from analysing 404 accident reports and from relationships that were determined with other factors. Although the czech republic, and also the european union and the world health organization outlay resources to reduce the number of road traffic accidents, in 2015 an average of 1. Drivers have to learn and master where the potholes are on the roads in order to avoid possibilities of any form of accidents.
Federal office of road safety report document page report no. Road accidents faslyn lim 07 janice kee 11 chua wei lun 27 2. Also get to know, why is it important to have a car insurance and personal accident insurance. The annual road traffic fatality rate for these countries now stand at 20. Pilot study of the long term effects of road crashes. Statistics from the national road safety commission shows that, ghana loses about 1. I want to talk about the causes of these accidents and suggest how they can be prevented or minimized. This is in accordance with the government proposal, target for future travel and transportation prop. Traffic accidents can be caused by a number of factors, including equipment malfunction as well as the actions of the driver, such as speeding or aggressive behaviors like tailgating or unsafe lane changes. The consequences of traffic accidents depend on variables such as the impact, number of vehicles involved and if. Jun 27, 2011 road traffic accidents rtas have emerged as an important public health issue which needs to be tackled by a multidisciplinary approach. Driver fatigue is another cause of traffic accidents occurring typically between 11 p.
Road traffic accidents constituted a menace in modern times. The effect of one cause can be greater than the other. World report on road traffic injury prevention world health. This report may therefore serve as a handy decisionmaking tool in the road transport and health sectors or as an authoritative reference material for research purposes. Motorists who go beyond or below the prescribed speed limits on road could hit other vehicles and they could be hit as well.
The national highway traffic safety administration. Road traffic injuries place a heavy burden on global and national economies and household finances. A r oad accident refers to any accident involving at least one road vehicle, occurring on a road open to public circulation, and in which at least one person is injured or killed. Distracted driving talking on the cellphone sending a text message eating argumentsloud chatting 2. In the essay i will discuss the causes of car accidents.
The effects of traffic accidents on the emergence of. Alcohol alcohol can have a devastating effect on driving ability. A public health perspective of road traffic accidents ncbi. This paper examines impact of road accidents on community socioeconomic activities in iringa municipality. Magnitude and impact of road traffic injuries world health. Its associated consequences are ranging from social and economic. Of course, there are many causes that result with the accidents. Pdf the impact of road accidents to the community of iringa. Mar 16, 2008 body shops would not exist except for accidents. Both the developed and the developing nations of the world have suffered from varying degrees of road accident, the developing countries clearly dominate with nigeria topping the least of accident occurrence. Thesis statements and transition paragraphs the causes of traffic accidents seem to be careless driving 1, poor road surfaces 2 and unfavourable weather conditions 3 and the effects of them are unexpected collisions 1, road traffic accidents including deaths 2 and physical and financial losses 3.
The evolution of road accidents with casualties per 00 inhabitants, romania, compared to the european region source whoeurope, european hfa database, march 2012 the main causes of road accidents in. The goal of this study was to initiate this road safety practice in thailand by addressing the timely need for. Distracted driving talking on the cellphone sending a text message eating argumentsloud chatting 4. Current understanding of the effects of congestion on traffic. Apr 29, 2018 car crashes can be brought about by various components, including hardware glitch just as the activities of the driver, for example, speeding or forceful practices like closely following or dangerous path changes. Almost every day, we hear the news of the accident on the television, radio and internet. Research in this area have focused on cases of road traffic accidents, collation of road traffic accident statistics and impact assessment of road safety campaign oecd, 1994, becker, 1996.1229 37 1419 1213 1033 82 1336 1057 250 1352 527 1179 278 127 180 899 56 1040 1228 975 18 491 1351 90 153 411 178 1460 106 1249 1404 933 593 464 989